Manolin sees him sleeping the next morning, and cries at the sight of his old friend. Indeed, Hemingway himself insisted that the story was about a real man and a real fish. He thinks of the flying fish as his friends, and speaks with a warbler to pass the time.
Santiago is the great fisherman and Manolin his apprentice — both dedicated to fishing as a way of life that they were born to and a calling that is spiritually enriching and part of the organic whole of the natural world. Manolin also plans to take care of Santiago during the coming winter by bringing him clothing and water for washing.
Santiago keeps fighting, a characteristic admired by Hemingway. Written in spare, journalistic prose with minimal action and only two principle characters, the work is at once a realistic depiction of the events and locale described and a symbolic exploration of the human struggle with the natural world, the human capacity to transcend hardship, and personal triumph won from defeat.
Santiago shows great skill in devising ways to tire out the huge fish he has hooked and ways to conserve his strength in order to land it. According to Hemingway, It is the inevitability of death and struggle that allow humans to prove their worth. Over dinner the two talk about luckier times or about American baseball and the great Joe DiMaggio.
When Manolin wakes Santiago, the old man tells him he has been beaten, and the boy understands he means not by the fish, but by the sharks. With his left hand stiff and cramped, Santiago talks to the marlin, vowing he will stay with it until he is dead, but explaining also that he loves and respects the fish and understands its struggle.
That afternoon, a party of tourists at the bar sees the enormous carcass of the fish, and a woman asks the waiter what it is. The man was picked up two days later with the giant fish, half-eaten by sharks, lashed alongside his boat. Santiago, through his endurance, conquers the fish while recognizing it as a worthy foe, but in the end is defeated by another natural entity, the sharks.
The s and s saw even less critical interest in the work, with longer studies about Hemingway often dismissing the novella as using crude symbolism and lapsing repeatedly into sentimentality. Santiago has faith that he can be like the sea turtle whose heart keeps beating even in death, and so the old man will never give up.
It is late at night when Santiago arrives back at the harbor. He accepts the natural cycle of human existence as part of that natural order, but finds within himself the imagination and inspiration to endure his greatest struggle and achieve the intangibles that can redeem his individual life so that even when destroyed he can remain undefeated.
In spite of hunger and pain and 84 days of bad luck, Santiago keeps the faith he has in himself. He does not whine about his bad luck, nor does he blame the hand which temporarily betrays him, the marlin who challenges his strength, or the sharks who steal his catch.
As the boy goes to bring the old man some coffee, he meets fishermen who have gathered around the skiff, amazed at the giant marlin, which, they tell him measures eighteen feet from nose to tail. Santiago proves his manhood by refusing to be defeated, notwithstanding the incredible odds against him.
Keep fishing after 84 fishless days Keep fighting the marlin despite intense suffering Keep fighting the sharks without hope of victory It is these three things that make Santiago a man, according to Hemingway, regardless of the end result.
He tries to be like Joe DiMaggio who overcame pain a bone spur and believes the baseball player would be proud of him. Resistance to Defeat As a fisherman who has caught nothing for the last 84 days, Santiago is a man fighting against defeat.
He has the courage left to return home, to drag himself to his hut, to face Manolin, and to accept the loss of his greatest catch.
His prideful error causes him to lose his prize catch.
Resistance to Defeat Themes and Colors LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Old Man and the Sea, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. From this perspective, Santiago is mentor, spiritual father, old man, or old age; and Manolin is pupil, son, boy, or youth.
Would you give up on life? This is not a Christian outlook on life, which would advocate a patient forbearance and a meek tolerance of hardship. Young, who had earlier praised the work, withdrew his earlier adulation, objecting to its affected simplicity, and Robert P.
In the evenings the boy brings supper for them to share; Santiago accepts his kindness with graceful humility.
And many of the concerns and motifs in his earlier writings—including human courage and prowess; the search for dignity amidst the harshness of the world; the stoic hero who lives by his own code of values; the ability to function with "grace under pressure"; and the images of the athlete, animals, and Christ—are given their most perfect, understated expression in this story.
Or would you be a man and keep fighting. His love for all living creatures, whether fish, birds, or turtles, is often described, as is his love for the sea, which he sees as a woman who gives or withholds favors. He prefers hunger to shame. When he prays during his battle with the fish, he prefaces his prayers by saying he is not religious and then proceeds to recite them mechanically, forgetting the words.
Over the years, Santiago has taught Manolin to fish and given him companionship and a sense of self-worth that Manolin failed to get from his own father.
Despite its detractors, the novella went on to earn Hemingway the Pulitzer Prize and a Nobel Prize the following year. It is two feet longer than the skiff with a sword as long as a baseball bat; this was the biggest fish the man has ever seen, well over a thousand pounds. A single human being, represented by the fisherman Santiago, is blessed with the intelligence to do big things and to dream of even grander things.LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Old Man and the Sea, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
Resistance to Defeat As a fisherman who has caught nothing for the last 84 days, Santiago is a man fighting against defeat.
When The Old Man and the Sea appeared inPhilip Young wrote that it was a metaphor for life as a fight and man as a fighter. It was a metaphor for which Hemingway indicated his deep respect.
The old man's most notable attribute, however, appears to be his unquenchable spirit: no matter how his body is beaten, his spirit remains undefeated, undefeatable, through all trials. In Santiago, the central character in The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway has created a hero who personifies honor, courage, endurance, and faith.
Critical Essays Themes in The Old Man and the Sea Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List A commonplace among literary authorities is that a work of truly great literature invites reading on multiple levels or re-reading at various stages in the reader's life.
A+ Student Essay. Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea contains Christian themes and ultimedescente.com it be considered a Christian novel? The Old Man and the Sea resembles a Christian parable in many ultimedescente.com protagonist, the fisherman Santiago, seems to exemplify Christian virtues, and the narrative clearly and repeatedly connects his trials at sea to Christ’s suffering on the cross.
Perseverance: Bringing man and fish together since The old man’s battle with the fish is not only a battle of strength, but a battle of wills. The old man makes up for his old age with incr Memory is a dominant theme in The Old Man and the Sea.
Santiago may be old, but he can recall the.Download