An examination of the political forms of ancient india

The Brahmanas were referred to as the receivers of gift. Remains of more than cities, towns, and villages of the Indus Valley civilization have now been found from north of the Hindu Kush down the entire length of the Indus and beyond into peninsular India.

The state brought new lands under cultivation and developed irrigation facilities.

Essay: Political forms of Ancient India

The greatest Mauryan emperor was Ashoka the Great BC whose successful campaigns culminated in the annexation of Kalinga modern Orissa. This period also saw the emergence of several powerful Hindu states, notably VijayanagaraGajapatiAhomas well as Rajput statessuch as Mewar.

So also was the municipal administration of Pataliputra, the seat of the empire. Harappa and Mohenjo Daro are the two urban centers of Indus Valley civilization and the excavation of these sites reveal standardization and ordered society and ten centuries of relatively stable conditions.

Taxation, sanitation and famine relief became the concerns of the state. The greatest empire in the fourth century AD was the Gupta empire, which ushered in the golden age of Indian history.

However, the Indian history incarnation of centralized form of government during the period of Mauryan empire. The Aryans are said to have entered India through the fabled Khyber pass, around BC and gave rise to another civilization in Indian history, the Vedic period.

The 15th century saw the advent of Sikhism. During the course of Indian history of civilization we see a pattern of alternating centralization and decentralization form of government. A king was the leader of the people in the war of aggression and defense.

Ashoka later converted to Buddhism, but did not impose his faith on his subjects. Sanitation was provided through an extensive system of covered drains running through the length of the main streets and connected by chutes with most residences. After the decline of the Gupta empire, north India broke into a number of separate Hindu kingdoms and was not really unified again until the coming of the Muslims.

Each city was laid out on a grid plan with a high citadel and a lower city of domestic dwellings.

History of India

The political history of India, during the greater part of the period, mainly revolves round the rise and growth of the kingdom of Magadha, one of the four leading states which existed about BC.

The Indian subcontinent gained independence from the United Kingdom inafter the British provinces were partitioned into the dominions of India and Pakistan and the princely states all acceded to one of the new states.

The lower city, which was tightly packed with residential units, was also constructed on a grid pattern consisting of a number of blocks separated by major cross streets.

The most outstanding literary figure of the Gupta period was Kalidasa whose choice of words and imagery brought Sanskrit drama to new heights.

In contrast, The Vedic Period failed to display higher organization due to several factors, such as, caste system, tribal republics, and incapability of expanding their territory. The military administration of the empire was very efficient, being vested in six boards of thirty members.

The descendants of Pushyamitra Sunga were not able to maintain the stability of their empire. Thus, we see a cycle of successful empire during the Indian history civilizaion.

Dissatisfaction with Company rule led to the Indian Rebellion ofafter which the British provinces of India were directly administered by the British Crown and witnessed a period of rapid development of infrastructure, economic decline and major famines.

The urban civilization of Indus Valley suggests a complex planning that undertook the region and the people lived up to the standard of the time. This was an open invitation to invaders from Central Asia to seek their fortunes in India. All these factors were to play a fundamental role in the shaping of Indian culture.

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An examination of the political forms of ancient india
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